Forecasting of labour market needs in Italy takes place through the Excelsior survey, which is conducted by the Italian Union of the Chambers of Commerce (Unioncamere) and funded by the Ministry of Labour (through the European Social Fund). This survey is part of the official statistics produced on an annual basis within the Italian National Statistical System (SISTAN).
Every year (since 1997) the survey covers a sample of over 100 ,000 private enterprises operating in Italy (180,000 private enterprises for quarterly survey) and provides detailed information on the characteristics of the labour demand in the country: in addition to the number of employees that the enterprises plan to recruit during the year and for next three months.
The data available cover several qualitative aspects, among which:
- the specific occupations employers are looking for;
- the educational level and the field of studies required;
- the preferred age of candidates;
- the experience;
- the need to provide post entry training;
- the difficulty of enterprises in recruiting the profiles required.
assessing the actual needs of enterprises and their changes over time;
better matching between labour supply and demand;
the definition of policies on education and professional training.